Glossary of Medical Terms, Abbreviations & Symbols
Dutch-English, French-English, German-English


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k = cancer / kaakholte = maxillary sinus; antrum; sinus maxillaris / kaakklem = trismus; lockjaw (tetanus) / Kaffeearbeiterlunge = coffee worker's lung / Kaffernpocken = variola minor; alastrim; whitepox; cottonpox; milk pox (mild form of smallpox) / Kahnbein = scaphoid bone; os scaphoideum (hand); navicular bone; os naviculare pedis (foot) / Kaiserschnitt = caesarian section (obst.) / Kaliber = calibre (airways e.g.) / kaliémie = blood potassium (level) / kalmerende middel = sedative (pharm.) / Kälteagglutinin = cold agglutinin / Kalzitonin = calcitonin; thryocalcitonin / kamer see Kammer / kamerfibrilleren = ventricular fibrillation / kamervlieg = house fly; musca domestica / Kammer = chamber (general); ventricle (specific) (heart) / Kammeranfangsgruppe = QRS complex (cardiol.) / Kammerendschwankung = T wave (cardiol.) / Kanüle = (hollow) needle; cannula / kanzerogen = carcinogenic / Kaolinlunge = laolinosis / Kaposi-Sarkom = Kaposi's sarcoma / Kapsel = capsule (joint, kidney); capsule (bacterium) / adhäsive Kapselentzündung = capsulitis; "frozen shoulder" / weiche, (eindruck / Kapselgehörschützer (KGS) = ear muffs (OSH) / Kardiadrüsen = cardiac glands (stomach) / karteldarm = colon / Käsewascherlunge = cheese washer's lung / Kassenarzt (syn. Vertragsarzt): doctor who treats patients covered by a statutory insurance scheme, equivalent to an NHS general practitioner in the UK or a panel physician in the USA, contrast Wahlarzt / Kassenmedizin = panel medicine, see Wahlarzt / Kasuistik = (patient) case report / Kategoriemittel = midcategory (radiograph) / "Kater" = "hang-over" / kattenkrabziekte = cat scratch fever / Katzenkratzkrankheit see kattenkrabziekte / Kaustik = cauterisation / Kauter = coagulator (surg. instrument) / Kautelen = precautionary measures, conditions (e.g. "unter sterilen Kautelen") / Kaverne = cavity (rad./rmed.) / Kavernenbildung = cavitation (rmed.) / kavernöse Zerfallserscheinungen = cavitation (rmed.) / kbE = keimbildende Einheit see CFU / KCCT = kaolin cephalin clotting time (obs.), see APTT / KCO = Krogh factor, synonym: transfer factor (rmed.) / KDG = koorddansersgang, see hakken- en tenegang / kernspintomografie; Kernspintomographie see MRI / Kernteilung = mitosis / Kerzenfleckphänomen see tache de bougie / Keuchhusten = whooping cough; pertussis / keukenzoutoplossing = physiological saline, salt solution (aqueous solution of NaCl with osmolality similar to that of blood serum) / KFR = Klinischer Forschungsreferent, see CRA / KGS = Kapselgehörschützer = ear muffs (OSH) / KGW = Körpergewicht see bw / KHK = koronare Herzkrankheit, see CHD / KI = kunstmatige inseminatie see AI 1. / KID = kunstmatige inseminatie, donor = donor insemination; AID / Kieferhöhle see kaakholte / kiemcel see Keimzelle / kiemdodend middel = germicide (pharm.) / kies = tooth (= tand) / echte kies = molar / valse kies = premolar / ware kies = echte kies / kiezellong = silicosis / kiespijn = toothache / "kijkoperatie" = pop. name for any kind of -oscopy, often arthroscopy / Kinderbettfieber (synonym: Wochenbettfieber) = puerperal fever / kindergeneeskunde; Kinderheilkunde = paediatrics; paediatric medicine / Kinderkrankheiten = diseases of childhood / spinale Kinderlähmung = spinal paralytic poliomyelitis; acute anterior poliomyelitis; infantile paralysis / zerebrale Kinderlähmung; kinderverlamming = cerebral palsy / Kindspech; kindspek = meconium / kinésithérapie = remedial exercises; exercise physiotherapy / kinine = quinine / kinkhoest = pertussis, whooping cough / kippenborst = pigeon chest; pigeon breast / kippenvel = gooseflesh; cutis anserina / Kittel = (surgical) gown / kittelaar see Kitzler / Kittniere = putty kidney; mortar kidney; caseous pyonephrosis / Kittsubstanz = cementing substance (of cells) / Kitzler = clitoris (gyn.) / KKHF = Krim-Kongo hämorrhagisches Fieber = Congo-Crimean haemorrhagic fever (virus) / KKS = Kalottenklopfschmerz = cranial percussion tenderness (neurol.) / klachten = symptoms / klachtenvrij = symptom-free; asymptomatic / Klappensegel = valve leaflet (heart valve) / klaring = clearance (creatinine, pulmonary) / klecksiger Schatten = blotchy opacity (rad./rmed.) / kleerluis; Kleiderlaus = body louse; Pediculus humanus corporis; clothes louse; Pediculus humanus vestimenti / kleinblasiges Rasselgeräusch see adventitious breath sounds / kleine hersenen; Kleinhirn = cerebellum / "kleines Labor": refers to routine tests (blood, urine) typically performed in the doctor's surgery rather than in a hospital pathology department ("Großlabor") / Kleinhirnbrückenwinkel = cerebellopontine angle / Klemme = clamp (surg.) / kletskop = favus; honeycomb ringworm; tinea favosa / klier = gland / klierlobje = follicle (glands) / klimakterisch = menopausal / klingendes Rasselgeräusch see adventitious breath sounds / klinisch-chemische Befunde = (laboratory) test results / Klistier = enema; clyster / klompvoet; Klumpfuß = clubfoot; pes varus / Klumphand = clubhand / KM = 1. Knochenmark = medulla; bone marrow; 2. Kontrastmittel = contrast medium / knee prostheses: Blatchford stabilized; multiaxial, uniaxial / Blatchford pneumatic swing control knee control; wheel type knee control; manual knee lock; (semi-) automatic knee lock; internal calf spring / kneuzing = bruising; contusion / knevelverband = tourniquet / Knickfuß; knikvoet = talipes valgus / Knie-Hacken-Versuch = heel-shin test; heel-on-shin test; heel-to-knee test (of coordination) / knieknobbel = geniculate body (thalamus) / Kniescheibe; knieschijf = patella / KNMG = Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij tot bevordering van de Geneeskunst = Royal Dutch Medical Association / KNMP = Koninklijke Nederlandse Maatschappij ter bevordering der Pharmacie = Royal Dutch Society for the Advancement of Pharmacy / KNO = keel-, neus- en oorheelkunde see ENT / Knöchelchen = ossicle / Knochenfissur = pseudofracture / Knochenfraß = osteomyelitis; (acute) osteitis; caries / Knochengerüst = skeleton / Knochenhaut = periosteum / Knochenleiste = line; linea / Knochenneubildung = periososis, bony neoplasm / Knochenschwund = bone loss; osteoporosis / Knochenwucherung = bony growth / Knochenzelle = osteoblast / knokkelkoorts = dengue (fever); dandy fever; breakbone fever / knolwam = (toadstool of the genus) Amanita / groene knolzwam = death cup; Amanita phalloides / Knopfbildung = clumping; agglutination (cells) / knorpelig = cartilaginous / Knorpelzelle = cartilage cell; chondrocyte / Knorpelhaut = perichondrium / Knötchen = nodule, see also Herd / knötchenförmig = nodular (rad./rmed.) / Knoten = 1. (lymph) (nerve impulses) node; 2. nodule (lung disease); 3. lump (cancer) / knotig = nodular (rad./rmed.) / KO; KOF = Körperoberfläche, see BSA / Kobaltkanone see cobalt / koepokken = vaccinia; cowpox / koffer = inlay (dentistry) / kogelgewricht = ball-and-socket joint; spheroidal joint / Kohabitation = sexual intercourse / Kohlenbergarbeiterpneumokoniose = coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP); coal miner's pneumoconiosis (rmed.) / Kohlendioxidabgabe = carbon dioxide output (rmed.) / Kohlensäuredruck = carbon dioxide tension (rmed., blood gases) / Kompartiment = (blood) fraction, "compartment" is old-fashioned / konfluierend = coalescent (lesions) (rad./rmed.) / Konisation = cone biopsy (procedure) / Konkrement = concretion (calculi e.g.) / Konsiliararzt = consulting physician (advises or helps the attending physician) / Kontrastmittel = contrast medium (rad.) / Konus = cone (e.g. biopsy sample) / koolhydraat = carbohydrate / koolzweer = carbuncle / koortsblaasje = coldsore; herpes simplex / koortsonderdrukkend = antipyretic / kootje = phalanx (finger, toe) / koperdamp = copper vapour (laser type) / Kopfbein = capitate bone / Kopfhaut = scalp / Kopflaus = head louse; Pediculus humanus capitis / Kopfschlagader = carotid artery / Kopfschwarte see Kopfhaut / Korkstaublunge = suberosis (rmed.) / Korngrößenverteilung = particle size distribution (rmed., dust) / Kornzange = dressing forceps / Körperbau = stature / körperfern = distal (anat.) / Körperinnentemperatur = body core temperature / Körpermassenindex see BMI / körpernah = proximal (nat.) / Körpersäfte = body fluids / zentrale Körpertemperatur see Körperinnentemperatur / korrelziekte = trachoma; granular ophthalmia; Egyptian conjunctivitis / korst = scab (wounds) / kortademigheid = dyspnoea; breathlessness; shortness of breath / Korundschmelzerlunge = corundum smelter's lung (rmed.) / koubult = chilblain; pernio / "koude koorts" = malaria / koude rillingen = chills / koudvuur = gangrene / kraakbeen = cartilage / kraambed; kraamperiode = postpartum; postpartum period; puerperium; "lying-in" (gyn./obst.) / kraamvloed = lochia (gyn./obst.) / Krampfadern (syn. Varizen) = varicose veins, see Varix / erhöhte Krampfbereitschaft = lowered seizure threshold (epilepsy: i.e. patient more likely to have a seizure) / krankhaft = pathological / Krankheitsbild = pathology; clinical picture; (pathological) condition / Krankheitsgefühl = malaise; feeling unwell / kransslagader = coronary artery (card.) / Krätzmilbe = itch mite; Scarcoptes scabeii (causes scabies in humans, mange in animals) / krebserzeugend = carcinogenic / Kreislauf = circulation; systemic circulation; greater circulation (carrying blood from heart to body tissues and back) / kleiner Kreislauf = pulmonary circulation; lesser circulation / "Kreislaufstörung": as the "crise du foie" is to the French, "Kreislaufstörung"is to the Germans...(suggest) circulatory problems; circulatory insufficiency / Kreuzband = cruciate ligament / Kreuzbein = sacrum; os sacrum / Kreuzotter = adder; European viper; vipera berus / Kreuzresistenz = cross-resistance / Kreuzschmerzen = low back pain; sacroiliac pain / Kribbeln = tingling; "pins and needles" / kriebel in de benen = "restless legs" / kringspier = sphincter muscle / Krippentod = "cot death"; SIDS / KRK = Kolorektalkarzinom, see Dickdarmkrebs / Krötentest = male toad test; male frog test (for pregnancy) / Krokydolith = crocidolite (asbestos) / kronkeldarm = ileum / krop; Kropf = goitre; struma / kruisproef = crossmatch test (blood) / Krummdarm = ileum / Krümmung = normal curvature of spine (normal slight kyphosis and normal lordosis) (see also Wirbelsäulenverkrümmung) / Kruor = Cruor, see blood clot / Kryokonservation = freezing (reprod. med.: "cryoconservation" and "cryopreservation" exist, but the EN literature prefers "freezing") / KS = Kempen (unit of fatigue, name derived from Campine/Kempen coalfield, Belgium) (OSH) / KST = Kernspintomographie, see MRI / KTP = potassium titanyl phosphate (laser type) / KTSZ = Kerntransfer somatischer Zellen, see SCNT / KUB = kidney, ureter, bladder (radiogr.) / kubisches Epithel = cuboidal epithelium; / ICRU Kugel = the ICRU sphere: a type of phantom, 30 mm in diameter and filled with soft tissue, used for testing dosemeters (rad.) / Kugelbacterium = (micro) coccus / Kugelzange = tenaculum forceps; (obsolete?) bullet forceps (gyn.)/ kuitbeen = fibula / kuitspier = calf muscle; gastrocnemicus muscle / Kulissenphänomen = 1. (defined: "Verziehung der Uvula zur gesunden Seite) uvular deviation (due to e.g. pharyngeal infection, damage to cranial nerves, neoplasm: paralysis on the affected side causes displacement of the uvula towards the unaffected side and lowering of the soft palate on the affected side); 2. (radiology) silhouette sign, also called Kulissenzeichen, Silhouettenzeichen, described by Ferson) / kunstfout = medical error / Kunstklappe = prosthetic valve (card.) / Kuppe = 1. dome (of diaphragm) (anat.); 2. cusp (of teeth) (labial = facing the cheek, lingual = facing the tongue) / Kurzschluß= shunt (card., rmed.) / Küvette = cuvette (spectrometers) / kwaadaardig = malignant / kwakzalver = quack; charlatan / kwikdruk: 80 mm kwikdruk = 80 mmHg (blood pressure) / kyste épidermique; kyste sébacé = epidermal cyst; sebaceous cyst; "wen" /


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Last updated: 27 August 2018  
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